Different Specialties of a Psychologist
Psychologist calgary is one of the leading professionals who contribute significantly to the field of medicine. A psychologist can diagnose, treat, and help manage common psychological disorders such as mood disorders, anxiety, depression, substance abuse and eating disorders. In addition, they can also help patients manage stress and improve their relationships. Psychologists acquire specialized training in a specific area of psychology. Usually they attain a master’s degree, then a doctoral degree, and at times, a PsyD Psychology.
Psychologist as a medical health discipline is the primary source for the field of psychotherapy, which effectively addresses the fundamental concepts of mental health and illness, cognitive behavioral therapy, and psychopharmacology. Generally, the psychologist diagnoses, assesses and treats the psychological disturbances and the behavior disorders resulting from, or associated with mental illness. They provide effective interpersonal, work-related, school district, community, and clinical counseling and treatment. The main objective of psychologists is to help people to deal with emotional and cognitive difficulties, and to increase their productivity and well-being. Generally they have a wide range of educational goals and training and are excellent communicators and supervisors.
A psychologist normally uses multiple techniques, including cognitive behavioral therapy, counseling, interview, therapy, lifestyle therapy, and pharmacological, neuropsychological, and neuroendocrinological strategies to treat mental illness and improve the quality of life. A clinical psychologist diagnoses, examines, and treats the patients effectively and holistically. A psychiatrist is required to have a doctoral degree in mental health, social work, psychology, or clinical psychiatry, and must be licensed in each state in which he or she practices. Some other postgraduate degrees that are generally required by psychiatrists are:
Psychology is a science that seeks to explain human behavior and its causes. It deals with the causes and treatments of behavior. Everyone has a unique pattern of brain activity that produces a wide variety of behaviors. The causes of behavior may be complex and difficult to define, but there are many factors that can affect a person’s behavior. For instance, some people may have a genetic predisposition to addictive behavior, whereas others may be genetically hardwired to be highly suggestible. In most cases, however, it is the interaction between environmental variables, biological processes, environmental expectations, cognitive processes, and interpersonal beliefs and values that determine the nature and characteristics of a given individual’s behavioral patterns.
There are many different types of psychological disorders, such as: clinical depression, substance abuse and dependency, anxiety disorders, psychosis, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, adjustment disorders, phobias, bipolar, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), and many more. These different categories of psychological conditions require different treatment approaches. Clinical psychologists are therefore experts at treating these various psychological conditions.
Many people also turn to a psychologist for counseling. Counseling psychologists generally focus on behavior modification techniques to help people learn to deal with their emotional issues and improve their coping skills. They also teach people how to effectively deal with stress. Counseling psychologists may work with patients in one-on-one therapy or group therapy.
Another specialization area is marriage and family counseling. A psychologist who specializes in this field may provide information and assistance to couples experiencing problems in their relationship. Many psychologists also counsel individuals, couples, families, children, and adolescents on a variety of behavioral and developmental problems. These behavioral and developmental problems can range from ADHD and ODD to depression and other emotional and mental disorders.
Behavioral psychologists fall under the umbrella of mental health professionals. Their primary function is to help with the treatment of behavior-related mental health conditions. They are not, however, qualified to prescribe medications. Most psychologists use cognitive behavior therapy and psychotherapy to treat patients.